(as of Dec 01,2022 01:18:16 UTC – Details)
From the Publisher
A Lesson in Vocabulary
This book is written for people who need to use financial statements in their work but have no formal training in accounting and financial reporting. Don’t feel bad if you fall into this category. My guess is that 95 percent of all non-financial managers are financially illiterate when it comes to understanding the company’s books. Let us proceed toward some enlightenment.
Sales and revenue mean the same thingProfits, earnings, and income mean the same thing.Now, revenue and income do not mean the same thing.Costs are different from expenses.Expenses are different from expenditures.Sales are different from orders but are the same as shipments.Profits are different from cash.Solvency is different from profitability.
Back to Basics
What are Assets?
Assets are everything you’ve got-cash in the bank, inventory, machines, buildings-all of it.Assets are also certain “rights” you own that have a monetary value…like the right to collect cash from customers who owe you money.Assets are valuable and this value must be quantifiable for an asset to be listen on the Balance Sheet. Everything in a company’s financial statements must be translated into dollars and cents.
What Are Liabilities?
Liabilities are economic obligations of the enterprise such as money that the corporation owes to lenders, suppliers, employees, etc.Liabilities are categorized and grouped for presentation on the balance sheet by: (1) to whom the debt is owed and (2) whether the debt is payable within the year (current liabilities) or is a long-term obligation.Shareholders’ equity is a very special kind of liability. It represents the value of the corporation that belongs to its normal course of business.
What Are Retained Earnings?
All of the company’s profits that have not been returned to the shareholders as dividends are called retained earnings.Retained earnings can be viewed as a “pool” of money from which future dividends could be paid.If the company has not made a profit but rather has sustained losses, is has “negative retained earnings” that are called its accumulated deficit.
A Deeper Dive
Financial accounting means recording each and every event (transaction) that has a financial impact on the enterprise. By keeping track of these activities just as they happen, the accountant can easily summarize the firm’s financial position and issue financial statements. Journals and ledgers are “the books” in which accountants scribble transaction entries.
A journal is a book (or computer memory) in which all of a company’s financial events are recorded in chronological order. Everything is there, there is nothing missing. Journal entries can (and must) be made if:
We know with reasonable certainty the amount of money involved.We know the timing of the event.An actual exchange between the parties of cash, goods or some formal representation of value (such as stock) has occurred.
Essential Books for Anyone in Business
This revised and expanded second edition of Ittelson’s master work will give you that firm grasp of “the numbers” necessary for business success. The Essential HR Handbook will help you handle any personnel problem–from onboarding to outplacement–quickly and easily The Leader Phrase Book contains more than 3,000 dynamic phrases that will enable you to prevail in virtually all of life’s important situations. Social media done right can build and strengthen your relationship with your customers, encourage brand loyalty, extend your influence, and expand your credibility. Employee engagement has been consistently cited as a top and growing priority by CEOs, managers, and human resources leaders across the country.
ASIN : B07XGNYWMX
Publisher : Career Press; 3rd edition (March 18, 2020)
Publication date : March 18, 2020
Language : English
File size : 61130 KB
Text-to-Speech : Enabled
Screen Reader : Supported
Enhanced typesetting : Enabled
X-Ray : Enabled
Word Wise : Enabled
Print length : 430 pages
Lending : Enabled